Research showed that the most successful teams were made up of a diverse mix of behaviours.

They discovered that there are nine clusters of behaviour – these were called ‘Team Roles’. Each team needs access to each of the nine Team Role behaviours to become a high performing team. However, this doesn’t mean that every team requires nine people! Most people will have two or three Team Roles that they are most comfortable with, and this can change over time. Each Team Role has it’s strengths and weaknesses, and each has equal importance. However, not all are always required at the same time – it is important to first look at the team objectives, and work out which tasks need to be undertaken. Once this has been done, discussions can take place regarding which and when each Team Role behaviour should be utilised.

None of this is possible without an individual completing a Belbin Self-Perception Inventory and asking for feedback from their colleagues. The Belbin Individual Report that is produced will help pin-point individual Team Role strengths (and weaknesses) to communicate and share with the rest of the team.

By using Belbin, individuals have a greater self-understanding of their strengths, which leads to more effective communication between colleagues and managers. Great teams can be put together, existing teams can be understood and improved, and everyone can feel that they are making a difference in the workplace.



Team Role Contribution

Creative, imaginative, free-thinking. Generates ideas and solves difficult problems.

Allowable Weaknesses

May ignore incidentals.  Can be too preoccupied with own thoughts to communicate effectively.

Resource Investigator1

Resource Investigator

Team Role Contribution

Outgoing, enthusiastic, communicative. Explores opportunities and develops contacts.

Allowable Weaknesses

Over-optimistic. Can lose interest once initial enthusiasm has passed.



Team Role Contribution

Mature and confident. Identifies talent and clarifies goals. Delegates effectively.

Allowable Weaknesses

Can be seen as manipulative. May offload own share of the work.



Team Role Contribution

Challenging, dynamic, thrives on pressure. Has the drive and energy to overcome obstacles.

Allowable Weaknesses

Prone to provocation. Can offend people’s feelings.

Monitor Evaluator1

Monitor Evaluator

Team Role Contribution

Serious minded, strategic and discerning. Sees all options and judges accurately.

Allowable Weaknesses

Can lack drive and ability to inspire others. Can be overly critical.



Team Role Contribution

Co-operative, perceptive and diplomatic. Listens, builds morale and averts friction.

Allowable Weaknesses

Can be indecisive in crunch situations. May avoid confrontation.



Team Role Contribution

Disciplined, reliable, conservative in habits. A capacity for taking practical steps and actions.

Allowable Weaknesses

Somewhat inflexible. Can be slow to respond to new possibilities.

completer finisher1

Completer Finisher

Team Role Contribution

Conscientious and accurate. Searches out errors. Polishes and perfects.

Allowable Weaknesses

Inclined to worry unduly. Reluctant to delegate.



Team Role Contribution

Single-minded, self-starting, dedicated. Provides in-depth knowledge and skills in short supply.

Allowable Weaknesses

May contribute only on a narrow front. Dwells on technicalities.

When we work in a team each of us will make our most effective contribution when we focus on just two or three of these roles. And an effective team will have a membership that covers all nine roles.

What’s Next?

Contact us to see how you can use Belbin Team Roles within your organisation, or – if you are an independent consultant – as part of your toolbox.

Enquire Now